Kidneys are an important part of the human body. Every year, more than 50,000 people in the world die of various kidney diseases, due in large part to the lack of kidney donors. Authoritative statistics are not available in Pakistan in this regard but estimated millions of people suffer from various kidney diseases. Experts say that most people ignore kidney disease, but it is a disease that can be fatal.
According to medical experts, it is important to avoid excessive water consumption, smoking and obesity to avoid kidney disease.
If the following symptoms appear, a doctor must be consulted.
Difficult to sleep
When the kidneys fail to function properly, the toxins are not excreted from the body through the urinary tract, and remain in the blood, increased levels of this substance, making it harder to sleep, and leading to insomnia. Complaints arise.
Decreased kidney function leads to electrolyte imbalance; for example, low calcium levels and out of control phosphorus lead to muscle stiffness.
Headache, fatigue and physical weakness
If the kidneys are working properly, they work to strengthen the bones in the body with vitamin D as well as make a hormone EPO, this hormone plays an important role in increasing red blood cells, if kidney problems If I am a victim, then the amount of EPO becomes less. This leads to a decrease in red blood cells, which causes the body and brain to experience sudden fatigue, headaches and physical weakness. Keep in mind that anaemia is common in kidney disease.
If the kidneys are damaged, the amount of potassium in the body begins to increase, which is manifested in the form of an abnormally fast heartbeat.
Dry and itchy skin
As mentioned, the kidneys work to cleanse the body of waste, increase the level of red blood cells, and keep the body at a reasonable level. Dry and itchy skin is a sign that the kidneys are not maintaining the right balance of minerals and nutrients. If your skin is getting dry and itchy, drink plenty of water, and consult a doctor before taking any medicine for itching.
Heartburn or vomiting
If a large amount of waste accumulates in the body, nausea or vomiting often occurs, in fact, it is the result of the body’s attempt to get rid of the accumulated material, nausea and loss of appetite. It seems that if this happens for a while, then the bodyweight decreases very fast.
Changing the smell and taste in the breath
When waste begins to accumulate in the blood, the taste of food changes and a metallic taste is left in the mouth. Similarly, bad breath is a sign of accumulation of toxic substances in the bloodstream. In addition, it reduces or eliminates the desire to eat or eat meat, resulting in unexpected weight loss.
There is a major link between kidney disease and shortness of breath, especially after a little physical activity. There are two reasons for this, and one is the accumulation of excess fluid in the lungs due to non-functioning of the kidneys, the other is the lack of oxygen in the body due to lack of blood. This results in shortness of breath.
More or less urinating
Because the kidneys are necessary for urination, when they suffer from a disease, most people want to urinate but do not come, while some people are more likely to urinate in the washroom than usual. This problem forces many people to wake up at night.
Swelling of the ankles, feet and hands
When the kidneys fail to remove excess fluid from the body, the accumulation of salts leads to swelling of the ankles, feet and hands. Is. Many times the use of medicines reduces salt and excess fluid, which stops the swelling, however, if this does not help, the doctor should be advised to change the treatment.